Preventive Cardiology

Overview

All Courses & Exercises

Objectives

Preventive Cardiology

After completing the learning exercises in Preventive Cardiology, you will be able to describe the rationale for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease including:

  • Effective risk factor evaluation
  • Lipid management
  • Hypertension management
  • Dietary management
  • Emerging technologies that assist with risk stratification
  • These internet enduring materials are case-based, interactive presentations comprised mainly of text, interactive questions, and images. A variety of media, including video clips, audio clips, and Flash animation, may be presented. Links to any necessary plugins are provided when necessary, but no plugins are required for general use of the CME website, and you may skip the multimedia presentation(s) within the course if you choose.

Key Concepts

  • Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in adults in the United States. Projections place cardiovascular disease as the leading cause of death in the world during the next century. Because atherosclerotic vascular disease is never "curable," prevention is the best strategy for reducing morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease and stroke.
  • Identifying factors in individuals which increase the risk of adverse cardiac events is an important component of prevention. For example, estimates are that 99.5 million American adults have total blood cholesterol values of 200 mg/dL or higher, and about 39.9 million American adults have levels of 240 or above. High blood pressure is the No. 1 modifiable risk factor for stroke. Compared to individuals with controlled hypertension, those with uncontrolled hypertension are three times more likely to develop coronary heart disease, six times more likely to develop congestive heart failure, and seven times more likely to have a stroke.
  • Well-established therapies are under-utilized in individuals who are at increased risk of adverse outcomes from coronary heart disease and stroke. The Preventive Cardiology Topic will review important pathophysiologic principles related to atherosclerosis and its prevention. Additionally, the important scientific trials that aid physicians in the application of these principles will be reviewed in a clinical context.
  • The Preventive Cardiology Topic in CardioVillage will concentrate on methods available to the clinician to identify those patients in whom more aggressive, earlier interventions are appropriate.